Fortunately, cardiac muscle, like smooth muscle, is an involuntary muscle. The muscular systemskeletal muscle tissue and organization. The muscular system contracts, which helps moves bones within your body for movement myology study of structure, function, and disease of the muscle. Isometric contraction whole muscle fused tetanus few motor units i. Study chapter 10 the muscular system flashcards at proprofs uniform width, parallel fascicles, some are elongated rectus abdominis, sartorius, zygomaticus major, others are more square masseter, some span long distances and shorten more that other fascicle arrangements but may produce less force that other muscles of the same mass arranges differently. Our skeleton is found on the inside making it an endoskeleton. Choose from 500 different sets of chapter 10 muscular system flashcards on quizlet. Isometric contraction whole muscle tetanus few motor units i. Chapter 4 muscular system medical terminology mo 100 with. Overview of skeletal muscles skeletal muscles are not made of muscle cells alone skeletal muscle contains blood vessels that supply muscle cells with oxygen and glucose, and remove wastes, and nerves that coordinate muscle contraction skeletal muscle also contains connective tissue. Excitability ability to receive and respond to stimuli 2. Prime moversagonists muscles back 1 work leader muscles that produce a specific movement brachialis is the prime mover for forearm flexion. Chapter 8 the muscular system linnbenton community.
A muscle origi nates at a relatively stable part of the skeleton origin and inserts at the skeletal part that is moved when the muscle contracts insertion. Stabilizing joints introduction characteristics of muscle tissue 1. Identify the general functions of the muscular system 2. Compare the general location, microscopic appearance, control, and functions of the three kinds of muscle tissue. Complete the following statements by choosing the correct response from the key choices and entering the appropriate letter or term in the answer blanks. While the other muscle called the antagonist stretches and yields to the effects of the agonist. Compare and contrast the types of muscle tissues in terms of structure, control, location, and type of contraction, and function. Study muscular system overview flashcards flashcards at proprofs if you want a muscular system overview, the flashcards below are precisely what you need. Label the fulcrum, load, and direction first class lever second class lever third class lever section 2 the muscular system suppose a woman began riding her bike more regularly instead of watching tv. Section 2 the muscular system what is the role of muscles in the body. Study 58 chapter 4 muscular system flashcards from soren m. Chapter 11 the muscular system chapter 12 the nervous system and nervous tissue. In an opposing muscle pair, one is called the prime mover or agonist and is responsible for the action. Jan 28, 2020 study muscular system overview flashcards flashcards at proprofs if you want a muscular system overview, the flashcards below are precisely what you need.
Chapter 8, the muscular system outline of class notes objectives. All muscles share certain characteristics such as the ability to stretch, called extensibility. Describe the classes of levers and how they make muscles more efficient. Chapter 9 muscular system three types of muscle tissues smooth muscle walls of most viscera, blood vessels, skin not under conscious control not striated cardiac muscle wall of heart not under conscious control striated skeletal muscle usually attached to bones under conscious control striated. Structure, function, and control of the human musculoskeletal network. Chapter the muscular system muscles, the specialized tissues that facilitate body movement, make up about 40% of bodyweight. Is the primary energy source for peak muscular activity produces two atp molecules per molecule of glucose breaks down glucose from glycogen stored in skeletal muscles. The framework of bones that supports the body is the skeletal system. Imagine if we had to think each time for our heart to beat. Movement for the journey 127 internal movement circulation of blood within the body.
Discuss the picture and how it relates to muscular dystrophy. Supplies of atp, myoglobin, and creatine phosphate in muscle fibers begin to decline in ones forties. Chapter 1 an introduction to the human body chapter 2 the chemical level of organization chapter 3 the cellular level of organization. The deep muscular layer between the public bones that supports the pelvic floor and muscles of the urethra is the urogenital diaphragm. By understanding these flashcards, you will get to learn more about the various characteristics of different muscles. Study 199 terms anatomy chapter 10 muscular system.
Most muscle is the voluntary type, called skeletal muscle because it is attached to the bony skeleton. Chapter 10 outline the muscular system yukto ty tsang, m. Briefly describe the three types of muscle tissue and their distinguishing characteristics. Chapter 10 the muscular system and homeostasis mhr 333 the cells are tubular and striated have bands of light and dark and have one nucleus. What does the name flexor carpi radialis longus tell you about this muscle.
The use of network science to understand the musculoskeletal system has increased in recent years 10. Chapter 4 muscular system medical terminology mo 100 with street at rogue community college studyblue flashcards. Describe similarities and differences in the structure and function of the three types of muscles tissue, and indicate where they are found in the body. Study guide chapter 10 the muscular system zoology 250. Study 14 study guide chapter 10 the muscular system flashcards from kimberly b.
Muscular dystrophya group of diseases in which the muscle cells deteriorate. Body system that covers, shapes, and supports the entire skeletal tissue the muscular system contracts, which helps moves bones within your body for movement myology study of structure, function, and disease of the muscle. The muscle system tasked with aiding in movements, maintaining posture, and even helping in blood circulation. Learn chapter 10 muscular system with free interactive flashcards. Feb 27, 20 blood supply muscular system receives about 1. Muscular system overview flashcards flashcards by proprofs. Exercise is the best way to maintain muscle function. Describe the arrangement of fascicles in the various types of muscles and explain the resulting functional differences.
Learn study anatomy physiology guide chapter 10 muscular system with free interactive flashcards. Coordination among muscles it is common to attribute a specific action at a joint to a single muscle bundle, but remember that muscles do not work in isolation. Describe three similarities among the three muscle tissues. The deep muscular layer extending to the pubis, that supports the anal triangle, is the pelvic diaphragm. Chapter 9 muscular system three types of muscle tissues smooth muscle walls of most viscera, blood vessels, skin not under conscious control not striated cardiac muscle wall of heart not under conscious control striated skeletal muscle usually attached to. System of tubes that stores and transports calcium needed for muscle contraction.
Chapter 10 the muscular system flashcards by proprofs. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The location terminology, color drawings, bony structure, and movement presentations provide a. Most body muscle is the voluntary type, called skeletal muscle because it is attached to the bony skeleton. Muscles of the head and neck muscles of the vertebral column oblique and rectus muscles muscles of the pelvic floor. Half of ones muscle mass has been replaced by connective and adipose tissue by age 80, and reflexes are reduced. Explain the connective tissue components of muscle.
Muscular system accounts for almost half body weight more than any other organ system contains 700 muscles vary widely in size, shape, and function performance varies on how fibers are organized and how muscle attaches to skeleton divided into two divisions 1. Myofilaments are made of the contractile proteins actin and myosin. In an examination question, provided you gave all the information required, each box would be worth one mark. Disorders relating to the muscular system muscular dystrophy. In an opposing muscle pair, one is called the prime mover or agonist. The axial muscles can be placed into four groups based on location or function. Walk ing on your heels is 2 winding up for a pitch as in baseball can properly be called 3.
Nervous system skeletal muscle contraction can take place only if the muscle is first stimulated by a nerve this type of nerve is called a motor or somatic nerve the area where the motor nerve meets. Standing on your toes as in ballet is 1 of the foot. Overview of muscle tissues cells fibers use special organelles called myofilaments to contract shorten. Muscolinos valuable perspective on the muscular system, the primary user of body energy, provides a perspective and background that would be of value to any manual or movement therapy student, even the individual with a very limited knowledge base. Antagonist muscles back 2 work in opposition muscles that oppose particular movement. Study guide chapter 10 the muscular system zoology. Our bodies are equipped with some 600 skeletal muscles to not only put those 206 bones into motion, but also to generate as much as 85% of our body heat, maintain our posture, control the. Prime moversagonists muscles back 1 work leader muscles that produce a specific movement. Muscular system without the skeletal muscular system, the bones that we learned in the previous unit would be unable to move. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Groups of organs that work together are called systems. Describe the functions and properties of muscle tissue.
Chapter 4 muscular system medical terminology mo 100. Define the four characteristics of muscular tissue a. Note the origins, insertions, actions and innervation of the muscles of the pelvic. Skeletal muscle contributes to body contours and shape, and composes the organ system called the muscu lar system. The muscular system manual 4th edition pdf free pdf epub. O the muscular system muscles, the specialized tissues that facilitate body movement, make up about 40% of body weight. Its important to remember the heirarchy muscles composed of muscle fibers bundles. Choose from 500 different sets of study anatomy physiology guide chapter 10 muscular system flashcards on quizlet. Numerous capillaries keep the muscle supplied with the oxygen and glucose needed to fuel contraction. Skeletal muscle organ of the muscular system covered by connective tissue called fascia separated into epi, peri, and endomysium skeletal muscle fibers cells. Axial muscles support and position axial skeleton 2. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips.202 1611 140 252 1366 434 135 954 1600 385 972 1278 1274 215 1358 561 651 396 814 912 1279 688 595 226 1531 485 815 296 1284 883 410 1312 1491 318 348 578